Allergies - First Aid advice



Allergies occur when the body perceives a seemingly harmless substance as a threat and the immune system produces an inappropriate response.


Allergy is the most common chronic disease in Europe. Up to 20% of patients with allergies struggle daily with the fear of a possible asthma attack, anaphylactic shock, or even death from an allergic reaction.


In the 20 years to 2012 there was a 615% increase in the rate of hospital admissions for anaphylaxis in the UK.


Allergy U.K have reported that an estimated 21 million people in the U.K suffer with some form of allergy.  This figure includes 50% of all children.  These statistics show that allergies are an increasingly prevalent problem.   The severity of the allergy can differ from person to person, ranging from mild and simply inconvenient to a life-threatening anaphylaxis.

A person can develop an allergy to any substance and can also become allergic to something they have previously been able to tolerate. 


A specific protein contained in the substance will cause the allergic reaction.  Common substances people are allergic to include food such as nuts or shellfish, pollen, pet hair, chemicals such as hair dye, medications (such as penicillin and NSAIDS) and insects such as bees and wasps.

Symptoms can be varied and include:

·         Sneezing

·         Coughing

·         wheezing

·         Itching of skin and/or eyes nose

·         Rashes

·         Vomiting and diarrhoea


Allergic reactions are usually managed with avoidance of the substance that causes the allergy, but this is not always possible.

Medication can be used to treat mild-moderate allergic reactions and anti-histamines are widely available without prescription. Symptoms of the allergy can also be treated with medications such as steroid creams for rashes, nasal sprays for nasal irritation and emollients for eczema.

A severe allergic reaction can be life threatening and is known as Anaphylaxis.

Symptoms can include some or all of the below:

·         Swelling of the tongue, throat, difficulty in swallowing

·         Difficulty in breathing usually resulting in a noise known as stridor

·         Severe wheeze when breathing

·         Dizziness/collapse

·         Vomiting

·         Increase in heart rate

·         Rash (urticaria, hives)


If you suspect somebody is experiencing an anaphylactic reaction an ambulance needs to be called immediately. Treatment for anaphylaxis is an intra-muscular injection of adrenaline.  People who know they are at risk of an anaphylactic reaction will usually carry an auto injector so as to be able to treat themselves quickly in the event of a reaction.

Adrenaline is life saving and must be used promptly in anaphylaxis. Delaying the giving of adrenaline can result in deterioration and death. This is why using an adrenaline device is the first line treatment for anaphylaxis.

Here at Lubas medical we offer anaphylaxis training as part of our first aid courses. We can also provide a bespoke course to teach how to recognise an anaphylactic reaction and how to administer the recommended treatment.

For more information regarding allergies, and how to manage them visit:

You’ll find lots of useful information and a different article each day of allergy week highlighting a relevant topic.








Looking to develop your skills? Or looking for a career in pre-hospital care?

The Lubas FREC level 3 course will provide you with the, advanced first aid skills for working in high risk environments. It can also be used as a doorway to higher level pre-hospital care training.

Who should attend?

• People looking for work in pre-hospital care.

• Individuals working in high risk areas. (Security manager, Doorman, Close protection operative)

• People looking to boost employability.

• Individuals looking to progress to higher level training (including

registration as a Paramedic)

This course will provide you with the first aid skills and the confidence to administer emergancy treatment when necessary.

What are the entry requirements?

All Learners must be at least 17 years old and possess reasonable numeracy and literacy skills. Having existing basic first aid knowledge is highly recommended (e.g. previous attendance on a First Aid at Work, Emergency First Aid at Work or Paediatric First Aid course).

What will I learn?

· Here’s a breakdown of the FREC 3 course content:

· Roles and Responsibilities of Pre-Hospital Care Providers

· Patient assessment

· Catastrophic Bleeding

· Airway assessment and management

· Breathing assessment and management

·Circulatory assessment and management


Using various techniques and equipment, you will learn how to manage traumatic emergencies including:

• External bleeding

• Embedded object

• Internal bleeding

• Minor injuries

• Eye injuries

• Burns

• Head injuries

• Spinal injuries

• Pelvic injuries

• Fractures, sprains, strains and dislocations

• Crush injuries

• Closed chest injuries

• Open chest injuries

• Positional asphyxia

Medical conditions:

Using underpinning knowledge gained from the patient assessment lectures, we will help you gain an understanding in the recognition and management of common medical emergencies, Including:

• Anaphylaxis

• Asthma

• Hyperventilation

• Heart Attack

• Angina

• Stroke

• Diabetes

• Seizures

• Meningitis


As well as learning how to deal with common medical and traumatic emergencies, you will be taught how to manage emergencies caused by environmental factors. Such as:

• Hypothermia

• Hyperthermia

• Sun stroke

• Dehydration

• Exhaustion

• Food poisoning

How will I be assessed?

During the course you will undertake practical assessments and multiple-choice question papers.

What qualification will I receive?

Upon completion of this course, you will be awarded the Qualsafe/Lubas

Medical FREC Level 3 Certificate endorsed by the Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh. While FREC Level 3 certification is valid for 3 years, we strongly recommend refreshing your CPR/AED skills annually.

How can I Progress?

FREC Level 3 qualification will allow you to enroll on FREC Level 4 and begin the pathway to FREC Level 6 which forms the final stage of a paramedic programme.

FREC Level 3 is taught over 35 hours spread over 5 days. You will also be required to complete 118 hours of self-directed learning. Following completion of the course.

How can I achieve my self-directed learning?

You will be expected to complete 118 hours of evidenced self-directed learning.

This can be made up of various elements including:

• Pre-course reading.

• Further reading on topics relevant to the course.

• Working/volunteering in a pre-hospital care role.

• We can provide an opportunity to work as part of our team at a sporting fixture, film set or event to help build up your hours.

We advise that you read the following books before attending the course:

• Ambulance Care Essentials.

• Generic Core Material.

These books will be available for you to borrow during your 5 days with us. 

What if I have further questions about the course?

Please don’t hesitate to contact one of our team:

Tel: 02921304101



Twitter: @Lubasmedical

The cost is £400 plus VAT. 

It will be held at the Lubas premisses, Cardiff, Wales. 

To book your place now:

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